URAN network

Ukrainian research and academic network (URAN) is a nonprofit organization established by decision of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine and NAS of Ukraine with support of universities and institutes of the Ministry of Education and the National Academy of Sciences, according to Joint Decree of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and Board of Ministry of Education of Ukraine on 20 June 1997 in accordance with the concept, approved by international conference “Computer network of institutions of higher education and science of Ukraine” on April 24-26 1997 in Kyiv which was participated by representatives of NATO Science Department and the International Conference “Computer networks in higher education” on 26-28 May 1997.
The purpose of its creation is to provide information services based on Internet technologies to agencies, organizations and individuals in the areas of education, science and culture of Ukraine to realize their professional needs and development of these industries. Such services include, inter alia, access, exchange, dissemination, storage and processing data for research, distance education, the use of telematics, operation of digital libraries, virtual laboratories, teleconferencing, distant methods of monitoring.

To organize the work on the project by joint decree of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the Board of Ministry of Education of Ukraine “About establishment of the Association of users of telecommunication network and European Integration Center” Association of URAN users was established. The Association is open for new members and operates under the Statutes. The highest management of the Association is the conference of representatives of member organizations. The main bodies of the Association is the Coordinating Council and Technical Committee. Among the association members there are more than 70 educational institutions in Ukraine, including the National Technical University of Ukraine “KPI”, National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, National University “Lviv Polytechnic”, Zaporizhzhya National Technical University, Kyiv National University, State Scientific-Technical Library of Ukraine and others.

The first project of network was developed by the Ministry of Education and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in 1996 and was submitted to the President of Ukraine. The project underwent examination in institutions and was approved by the Ministry of Education of Ukraine. This project became the basis for the development of the Laws of Ukraine regarding the concept and objectives of the National Program of Informatization of Ukraine by a group of experts engaged by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. This work resulted in task of creating a computer network of science, educational and culture institutions of Ukraine and in particular the creation of nodes in the largest educational and scientific centers of Ukraine – Kyiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Kharkiv, Odessa, Lvov. Adopted in the same legislative package “Tasks of the National Informatization Program for 1998-2000 years” had provided as a priority the creation of computer network for education and science.
URAN network is based on the hierarchical principle: in every city of Ukraine, which is a major center of scientific and educational activities, a regional network node is being created based on a university or research institution of the city. The first regional nodes in Kyiv, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Odessa and Lviv were set up during 1997-1998
The basic organization  of Main network operation center is the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in Kyiv.
Main operation center provides basic information service of the network and its ensures operation of its core. In addition, the main center is the regional center for Kyiv region.

Topology of URAN network (dynamic version)

Today URAN physically unites more than 80 research and educational institutions (180 connection points) and operates its own fiber-optic networks in 15 cities of Ukraine with total length about 230 km and an international fiber-optic communication length of 80 km from Lviv through Ukrainian-Polish state border.

On 27 of June, 2007 in London, an agreement about connecting «URAN» to European research and education network GEANT2 has been signed by General Director of GEANT2 operator Hans Dobbeling and chairman of the Association of URAN prof. Yuri Yakimenko, First Vice Rector of NTUU “KPI”. This event is estimated by experts as a major step toward Ukraine's integration into European information space and access to scientific and information resources: digital libraries, databases and knowledge bases, information retrieval systems, remote HPC centers and scientific data, distance learning resources.
Based on materials from http://www.uran.net.ua

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